RESEARCH

RESEARCH KEY

Opinion= My opinion about research.

interesting research = Other people's words (Javier's words and other other written annotations about research).

Direct influence= How the research affects my work.

Victoria Banser, "Interview to Javier",2019

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Interview to Javier (summary)

Victoria: Do you express yourself through the violin?

Javier: That is tricky as you express something that is yours but that was written by another person, because the classics are already written. So you try to express what the composer wrote at that time but in your own way; you interpret what the composer was feeling, what was happening at the time or what the composer wanted to express across the piece.

Victoria: What do you feel when playing violin?

Javier: It is pleasure, not only for me, but for what I make the audience feel because for me, a good concert is the one that makes you get chills in the body. I can compare it to sex in a way, it can be sometimes that type of pleasure. 

Victoria: So, is the climax when you perform for the audience?

Javier: That is like in every way of expression, I mean, I don't understand art without exhibiting it. 

Victoria: What is to be a Suzuki violin teacher?

Javier: When you graduate from the music school, you know how to play violin but not how to properly deliver a lesson. With this method you learn how to be teacher and how to transmit the knowledge. Playing violin well doesn't mean that you are a good teacher because I had magnificent musicians as teachers but they were not helpful; they didn't know how to solve my learning problems or hot to explain their knowledge. Children want to learn by playing these days and not across strict rules so you have to be creative and use whatever is in our hands to make the learning easy.

Victoria: What do you feel being a teacher?

Javier: Generally speaking is rewarding as you transmit a very complicated discipline and when you see progress, that gives you an amazing high. 

Victoria: Why do you play violin barefoot?

Javier: Most musical instruments go against nature, specially violin and flute as are played upwards. So if your feet are not well sit while you unbalance your body up here, you are never going to be able to play right. Everything tends to fall down because of gravity.

 

Symbiosis of MUSE & "ARTIST" across this project

Javier's facebook profile picture captures the essence of his personality. He is dressed with a classic morning suit but modern trainers. Javier is a modern and forward-thinking human with a huge passion for classic music. I have explored classic embellishment techniques such as satin stitch, tambour embroidery and beading with a modern approach across bright colours and materials such plastic and neoprene.

Javier Albort is one of the most inspiring people I know because he is creative, imaginative and funny. He is flattered about the idea of a project about him "I feel like model Bimba Bose (David Delfin's muse)" he said. That's why I named him the muse of the project. Javier's passions and personality across his social media behaviour are inspiring this project.

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Javier AlbOrt, "Javier's Facebook Profile (phone version)",2019

When tutors at CSM say "explore an idea in different ways", this is what Javier does with his violin. He teaches violin in a primary school, he also teaches violin in a music academy and by private tutoring at home Javier teaches not only violin but also piano. Javier plays violin in quartets, with the orchestra, for important artists and at different ceremonies such as weddings. Javier is a violin multitasker and this aspect of him inspires me the exploration of my artist' skills across trying different media with different techniques. 

By making dynamic his violinist aspect is what allows Javier to keep loving his passion when it has became his way of living. The picture of Javier playing piano inspires me because it reminds me that the music was our meeting point as I met Javier in an after-school music club when we were kids. I chose piano and he chose violin. I loved piano and I enjoyed learning music because my teacher was incredible. After few years having the same instructor, she got pregnant and a man replaced her. I stopped enjoying piano because I felt intimidated by my new instructor and I stopped learning music abruptly. The role of the environment and teachers when learning a discipline is crucial. 

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Javier AlbOrt's Instagram, "Javier's hand playing violin"

According to Google dictionary "a muse is a person or personified force who is the source of inspiration for a creative artist". I find "Wagner and the Muse" inspiring because knowing that important artists also find the inspiration in other people makes me feel less weak regarding the creativity inside me. 

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Henri Fantin-Laotur, "Wagner and the Muse", 1862

Symbiosis of JAVIER & HIS VIOLIN

Exploring Javier's passion for the music, I have to research the instrument that help Javier to reach the love: the violin

The pictures of the violin with the name of its parts inspired me to draw the violin by parts instead of it as a whole.

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Violin and Violinists, "The Parts of The Violin", between pages 32 and 33

The shape of the top part of the violin, specially the curved scroll and the round pegs are interesting shapes to explore.

scrol and pegs, Violins and violinists.jpgViolins and violinists, "Scroll and pegs of the violin", between pages 32 and 33

Javier's violin is important because I saw in person who the strings are colourful, which inspired to work with cords and tubes. 

IMG_9063 3.jpg.1  Primary Research, "Javier's violin", 2019

The perspective of the scroll in the following picture of Javier's violin also inspired a illustration, which I set on the final print. 

IMG_9035 2.jpgPrimary Research, "Javier's violin", 2019

According to Music, Eyewitness Guides "The vibration of the violin produces sound waves in the air, which travel to our ears". The violin wavelength has inspire me different mark making. 

Violin sound waveform Music, Neil Ardley.jpg.1Music written by Neil Ardley, "Violin Wavelength", page 6-7

PLAYING AS A GROUP

When playing violin as a group in front of the audience, it creates different symbiosis:

  1. Symbiosis of violinist & violin
  2. Symbiosis of different violinists
  3. Symbiosis of different violins
  4. Symbiosis of violinists and audience
  5. Symbiosis of music & body pleasure (if audience get body chills when listening the sound)

Javier told me that "a concert with the orchesta is the culmination of a certain time of preparation and hard work, which include lots of group rehearsals. I prefer to play with people rather than alone, but I do like to be exhibited because I have spent so many years preparing myself and I haven't done this to play for myself"

The atmosphere created when musicians perform together while connecting to the audience is a positive feeling that I want to reflect in my work. I also like the visual harmonic created by all the bows moving at the same time.

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Javier AlbOrt's Facebook, "Javier Performing in an Orchestra",2016 

Javier AlbOrt's Instagram "Javier playing violin for singer Raphael",2016

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Javier AlbOrt's Instagram "Javier playing for a private event",2017

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Symbiosis of PASSIONS & SKIN ART

Javier has lots of tattoos that I think are are part of his physical identity as he explained to me the meaning of each tattoo. I consider his tattoos wearable art and they represent Javier's desires, dreams, believes and also his fears.

Three  of Javier's tattoos have affected my work; First, Javier's music note tattoo is located just where a wedding ring would be, as he is married to the music. It is also tattooed in his left hand, the one he uses to give movement to the strings. Music is in Javier's fingers. Second, there are two graphic tattoos with colours that Javier says are inspired by Memphis Milano, so this really made me acknowledge how important is this aesthetic for him. These two last tattoos have also inspired some of my drawings. 

IMG_8932 2.JPGPrimary Research, "Javier's tattoo of musical notation", 2019 

Memphis tattoo 2.jpgPrimary Research, "Javier's tattoo of a chameleon inspired by Memphis Milano", 2019 Memphis tattoo 1.jpgPrimary Research, "Javier's graphic tattoo inspired by Memphis Milano", 2019 

FRIENDSHIP, A HUMAN SYMBIOSIS

According to google dictionary "symbiosis is a mutually beneficial relationship between different people or groups".When differencing types of symbiosis, google dictionary quote that "a mutualism symbiosis is between two species where both are benefit from it"

Humans live in symbiosis in different ways; in my opinion, an example of a mutualism symbiosis in humans is a friendship, where both contribute towards the friendship and respect and understand one another in order to survive in the world. For me, the best quality of true friendship is to understand and to be understood. Symbiosis is part of the human evolution as we evolve with cooperation and interaction with others.

My friendship with Javier stands the test of time. Javier is an homosexual men and I am a heterosexual woman, but we have a platonic love since childhood. We have a mutual admiration, respect and we have lots of passions in common. 

The festive and playfull mood of the picture of Javier reminds me our type of friendship, and this is the mood I want to translate to the project.  

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Primary research "Javier and Victoria", 2018

Symbiosis of JAVIER'S PASSIONS & MY PASSIONS across our hands

The picture of Javier playing violin while I draw him affected my work because watching the video from which the picture comes made me realised that our common denominator is the hands, as we both were moving them to create something (Javier music, me drawings).  Even if Javier is playing someone's piece, he is able to directly influence the tone of the violin with his fingers, what gives Javier a power of expression. 

IMG_9497 2.jpg.1 Javier playing violin Primary research, "Javier playing violin while Victoria draw him", 2019

The Creation of Adam by Michelangelo have inspired me the idea of linking Javier's hands with my hands, as we express our passions across the hands. The masterpiece represents the union of God and Adam by their index finger and as I have divinify Javier considering my muse,  I also linked our index fingers in illustrations. 

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 Michelangelo, "Detail of The Creation of Adam", 1512 

The first time I went to the business district La Defense in Paris, a humongous statue of a finger got my attention. This statue (The Pounce) has inspire me to cast my fingers when extolling the important of my hands as an art student.

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Cesar Baldaccini, "The Pounce (The Thumb)", 1965

Thinking about artists that tackled hands in their work, I just remembered that in my favourite museum in Paris, The Rodin, there are statues of feet and hands. Rodin's statues in movement have the power to transmit emotions and they have inspire me to illustrate Javier's hands in the position of playing violin (without the violin) and my hands in the action of sewing (without needle, thread or fabric) and my hands painting (without a brush). 

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Auguste Rodin, "The Clenched Left Hand (Study for Hand of Pierre de Wiessant)", modeled ca. 1885, cast 1974

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Auguste Rodin, "Study of a Hand", modeled ca. 1885, cast before 1912 

I find incredibly beautiful what what Niki de Saint Phalle wrote to her right hand which can be found at the Tarot Garden: "This is my right hand, I love her with all her wrinkles, her thoughts, her feelings, her desires. Through her I have made meaningful..." Niki's tribute to her hand inspires me because it makes me realise the extremetely importance of this body part as the tool across I express myself. 

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Niki de Saint Phalle's hand at Tarot Garden in Tuscany - Niki de Saint Phalle, Centre Pompidou-

 

Symbiosis of MUSIC & HUMAN PERFORMANCE

I think that music is a powerful force as no class of society is untouched by music. Music has the power to make people dance and sing, travel in the time and even entice from reality but its most important social function is to make people happy.  

According to The Music Instinct by Philp Ball "Music can excite deep passions. Even with what appear to be the simplest of tunes, the brain is performing some astonishing gymnastics: finding patterns and regularities, forming interpretations and expectations that create a sense of aesthetic pleasure".

Music have inspired my work, just not only because the idea of the project  came while listening to music, but also because I have realised across this project that my creativity is boosted with music. The deep beats of r&b's base keep me going when I am tired and the rhythm of classic music makes me focus in what I am doing. My headphones have inspired illustrations because they are my creativity ally, they are the tool from where I get inspiration and motivation.

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 Primary Research, "My hands only working when listening to music",2019

I saw myself reflected in the cover of the book "The music Instinct" and this illustration reinforced the idea of including the illustration of my headphones in the print that is part of the final outcome. 

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Philip Ball, "Cover of The Music Instinct", 2010

Symbiosis of PHYSICS

Javier's blond hair has been always his identity feature and it has affected my work. 

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Javier Albort's Facebook, "Blond Javier",1992-2016

According to Wikipedia "in the bow of the violin are used between 150 and 200 hairs from the tail of a horse"The hair of the bow and Javier hair have inspired textile samples made from a blond wig. The straight hair in the violin's bow inspired me to cut the hair in some samples in a straight finish.

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Music written by Neil Ardley, "The bow of a violin", page 33

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davidfinck.com "Attaching hair to the bow" 

HAIR IN FASHION:

Thinking about hair in fashion, I remember a pair of Gucci hair shoes that I saw at the Barbican's exhibit: The Vulgar, Fashion Redefined. The following three examples of hair in fashion with the hair slightly curved and not straight (feature that makes it to look more human) made me manipulated the hair in the same way in some of my textile samples.

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Gucci, "Hair Shoes", 2015 

Schiaparelli boots 1938 Schiaparelli & the artists.JPGElsa Schiaparelli, "Monkey Hair Shoes", 1938

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 Maison Margiela, "The Wig Coat", 2009 

Artguide, "Art and Violins",2018

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Marc Chagall

Searching for Javier's passions on his Facebook, I came with the above video in which violins make their appearance in art. This video is really inspiring as it made me see how many artist have painted violins. 

The painting La  Marieé (The Bride) by  Marc Chagall plays a very important role as source of inspiration; it took my attention from the video because I am trying to represent the love of one person to the music (which is a fantasy) and Chagall plays also with reality/fantasy as he uses both human and animal figures.  The red dress of the bride in La Marieé also led me to move from my first idea of a white garment for Javier, to a completely colourful one.  La Marieé also inspired me the research of wedding attires.

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Marc Chagall, "La Marieé (The Bride)", 1950

I'm surprised how I am finding musical elements in almost every Chagall's painting, specially violinists. Chagall's question of the gravity law has inspired some of my illustrations as I have also set them "in the air". 

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Marc Chagall, "Detail of The wedding Candles", 1945 

Chagall’s masterwork in the ceiling at the Opéra Garnier in Paris has inspired me to mix different illustrations in my final print. I find incredible how Chagall's represented in the ceiling the work of music composers from different eras, how he included famous spots of Paris and that he also included himself in the work. He represented his vision of music and it was criticised for being a mix of random ideas. I think that at the moment it was just a too modern vision in a very classic building. This work has a strong connection with the juxtaposition of unlikely elements as a poetic metaphor in my print. 

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Marc Chagall, "Detail of the Ceiling at Opera Garnier", 1964 

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Marc Chagall, "Ceiling at Opera Garnier", 1964 

Symbiosis of LOVE & FASHION across BRIDAL ATTIRES

THE BRIDAL VEIL: 

Taking further the bridal veil from La Marieé of Marc Chagall, the veil is not only part of the bridal outfit, it is loaded with symbolism. According to wikipedia "in Greek and Roman times the veil represented how the bride was protected from evil spirits that want to take the bride's happiness". The most common veiling material is tulle and the previous meaning inspired me to work with tulle while giving it the meaning that the love for the passions protects us from unhappiness.

How the couple is link with the veil in the following image inspires me because Javier and I are link in this project. It also connects with the previous meaning of the veil, as  Javier and I are protected from unhappiness thanks to the love for our passions or how we might also be blind by this love.

Jean Pau Gaultier 1998-1999The White Dress.jpg.1Jean Paul Gaultier, "Wedding couple", 1998-1999 

Giambattista Valli's dress has inspired me the idea of getting ruffles with tulle. 

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 Giambattista Valli, "Wedding Dress"

Come des Garçons' wedding dress in which tulle comes just at the back of the garment has inspired the way in which I set the tulle in my final garment. 

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Come des Garçons, "Wedding Dress", 

I really like the idea of embroidered veils or embroidered tulle as a way of expression. The three following dresses, Valentino's bridal dress with embroidered music notation, Chiara Ferragni's Dior wedding dress that has embroidered the song that her fiancé wrote to her to propose and Angelina Jolie's Versace wedding veil with embroideries of her children's drawings have inspired me to express my drawings across embroidery. 

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Valentino, "Musical dress", 2014 

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Dior, "Chiara Ferragni's Wedding Dress", 2018 

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Versace, "Angelina Jolie's wedding dress", 2014 

 

GIAMBATTISTA VALLI

Giambatista Valli's embellished voluptuous tulle dresses grabbed my attention as excess of tulle looks delicate and not extravagant for me.  Giambatista Valli represents: 

  • Symbiosis of fashion & tulle
  • Symbiosis of excess & delicacy

The colour and material allude to my project: a marriage to the passions across red tulle. 

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Giambattista Valli, SS 2019

DAVID DELFIN

Spanish fashion designer David Delfin represents: 

  • Symbiosis of fashion and colour blocking
  • Symbiosis of fashion and asymmetry
  • Symbiosis of fashion and gender-fluidity
  • Symbiosis of designer and muse

Javier's has an incredible obsession for David Delfin because Javier attended by chance the designer's very first show. Javier even tattooed David Delfin' symbol after the death of the designer in 2017. The Dolphin's tattoo made me realised how important is this designer for Javier.

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"Homage to David Delfin in Málaga"

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Primary Research, "Homage to David Delfin by Javier"

David Delfin's friend Bimba Bose was considered his muse. I am really interested in this friendship and how a friendship can be a source of inspiration. Bimba Bose's ants tattoo has been used in David Delfin's garments and this inspires the idea of using muse's tattoos as textile prints. 

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David Delfín, "Bimba Bosé's ants tattoo", 2015

IMG_8929.JPG Primary Research, "Javier's ants tattoo"

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David Delfín, "Ants Print", 2019 

The colour blocking of David Delfin's SS 2012 and SS 2016 collections link to my project really well.  David Delfin's gender-fluidity also captures my attention. 

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David Delfin, SS2012

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David Delfin, SS2012

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David Delfin, SS 2016 

David Delfin's geometrical prints in the SS 2013 and SS 2015 collections are interesting because they reminds me to Memphis Milano's prints. 

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David Delfin, SS 2013

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David Delfin, SS 2015 

Elsa Schiaparelli

Elsa Schiaparelli interest me just not only for her master in surrealism but for her collaborative spirit. According to Schiaparelli and The Artists "she looked beyond the act of mere making and sough out the period's most talented painters, sculptors, interior designers, artisans, writers, poets, photographers, and graphic artists to interpret, inspire and support her vision". Consequently, Elsa Schiaparelli represents:

  • Symbiosis of fashion and surrealism
  • Symbiosis of fashion and painting
  • Symbiosis of fashion and sculpture
  • symbiosis of fashion and poetry

The fact that Schiaparelli translated Picasso's painted hands resembling gloves into textiles with the shape of gloves is inspirational consider the translation of my illustrations into textile.

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Pablo Picasso, "Hands painted by Pablo Picasso to resemble gloves",  1935 

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Elsa Schiaparelli, "Suede gloves with red snakeskin fingernails", 1936

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Andy Warhol, "'illustration for Schiaparelli Gloves advertisement", 1953 

When it comes to incorporating hands into fashion, Schiaparelli probably was the pioneer. Schiaparelli's close friendship with Jean Cocteau led to translate across embroidery Cocteau's ability to create form by the use of a single line. The simplicity but yet craftsmanship reflected in the embroidered hand on jacket made me embroider hands using tambour embroidery. 

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 Elsa Schiaparelli, "Jean Cocteau's hand drawing embroidered on jacket" ,1937

I admire Schiaparelli's both work and personality and The picture of Elsa Schiaparelli and Salvador Dalí captures my attention because it makes visual the woman power, because as a woman at that time, she managed to create strong connections with the most powerful creative men of the time.  The arts during this period were nurtured by shared friendships and social connections because of their common desire to break boundaries and this spirit is the base of my project.  

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Schiaparelli and the artists ,"Elsa Schiaparelli and Salvador Dali", page 51

According to Schiaparelli and the Artists "In 1938 Dali offered Schiaparelli a drawing representing a female skeleton, accompanied with a note saying 'Dear Elsa, I like this idea of bones on the outside...' The three-dimensional bones were created b padded embroideries on rayon crepe". The padded shape of the skeleton in the dress took my attention when highlighting the hands in my print. 

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Elsa Schiaparelli and Dalí, "The Skeleton Dress", 1938 

Schiaparelli also tackled music in her work as it was the theme for Schiaparelli’s fall 1939 collection. I really like how she tackled music across embroidery, as the musical notes and symbols are embroidered in vibrant metallic thread.

 

hb_2009.300.1165a,b.jpgElsa Schiaparelli, "The Music Dress", 1939 

aecfe295a5e5c3c78343b1140a6666d9.jpgElsa Schiaparelli, "The Music Dress", 1939Elsa Schiapareli Empress of Paris fashion 4.JPGElsa Schiaparelli, "The Music Dress", 1939

JEAN COCTEAU

After discovering Jean Cocteau's drawing across fine lines in Schiaparelli's fashion, I'm very drawn to the delicacy of fine lines when combined with colour. I want to explore in my work also fine lines, not just colour underlined by black marker.

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Jean Cocteau, "Orpheaus Theme", 1960

Cocteau's abstract collection of images loosely connected inspired me to do a sequence of images instead of a fashion-film. I like how a continuation of images can communicate a story. 

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Jean Cocteau, "Le Sang d'un poète (The blood of a poet)", 1930

EDDIE JOBSON

I am chocked about the beauty of Eddie Jobson's violins thanks to the materials. One is clear Plexiglass violin,  and the other which is green Plexiglass. I really like the avant-garde design keeping the traditional shape with a modern material.

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Eddie Jobson, "2018 Tour"

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Eddie Jobson, "2018 Tour"

YAYOI KUSAMA

The compulsive repetition is what grabs my attention in Yayoi Kusama's work. The feeling of infinity created in her patterns is something that I would like to be able to create in my work. 

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Yayoi Kusama, "The Obliteration Room", 2002

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Yayoi Kusama, "The Obliteration Room", 2002

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Yahoo Kusama, "Once the abominable war is over, happiness fills our hearts",2010

ANNIE LEIBOVITZ

Annie Leibovitz's Alice In Wonderland-inspired came to my mind when thinking about locations to do the shooting. I like how nature is blend with fantasy. 

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Annie Leibovitz's,"Alice In Wonderland for Vogue", 2003

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Annie Leibovitz's,"Alice In Wonderland for Vogue", 2003

 

Symbiosis of MUSIC & VISUAL ARTS

Struggling to make music visual, I found the inspiration in the books "An Illustrated History of Music" and "Visible deeds of Music", which explore the relationship between music and the visual arts. Music has been expressed across drawings and paintings of instruments and people playing them. Music can be visual and by having these books in my hands, music is also tangible. 

The sketches of hands playing violin made me consider that hands playing violin are visual music. 

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Toulouse-Lautrec, "Sketches of hands on a violin", 1900

I like Picasso's tracing in the illustration of Stravisky, which made consider that an illustration of a musician can be visual music.

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 Pablo Picasso, "Front cover of Ragtime for Igor Stravinsky's piano arrangement", 1919

As human language can be written and then read across writing, music can be also written and then read across music notation with pentagrams, notes and clefs. Music notation allows composers to transmit and musicians to read. I've realised that music notation is also visual music.

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An Illustrated History of Music by Marc Pincherle, "Musical notation in the 11th, 13th and 15th centuries"

I find really interesting how Ray transformed the female body into a violin just by painting F-holes on the back. I like the surrealism of this picture, and I also turned the silhouette of my body into a representation of a violin. IMG_3763.jpgMan Ray, "Ingres's Violin", 1924

Vinyls are aesthetically beautiful because of the round shape. Vinyls are both visual and  tangible music. 

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Primary Research, "Vinyls", 2019 

Digital music is not tangible but it is visual. The colour combination and simplicity of brushstrokes of the album cover is interesting. 

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Elder Island, "Album Cover of Welcome State (Spotify version)"",2017

I am drawn to the art direction and colourful aesthetic of The Jonas Brothers's Sucker hit. The use of voluptuous tulle as extravaganza really interested me. This video has allowed me to consider that not only the beats of the music are inspirational, but every single aspect that involves music. 

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Jonas Brothers, "Sucker Music Video (Spotify version)", 2019 

TOMO KOIZUMI

Intrigued about the artist behind the colourful tulle dress featured in Jonas Brother's Sucker video, I researched Too Koizumi. 

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Jonas Brothers, "Sucker Music Video", 2019 

The energy of short ruffles in Tomo Koizumi's creations and the capture of colour with tulle is what inspires me. 

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Too Koizumi, Fall 2019

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 Too Koizumi, Fall 2019

JUAN RIPOLLÉS

Juan Ripolles is a painter and sculptor from my region in Spain.  I met him in person once at the airport in Paris and that made me like his work even more. What I like about his work  is how colourful are his paintings and how he does a series of the same painting by alternating just the colour, aspect that inspired me to repeat the illustrations of Javier's face by changing the combination of colour. 

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Juan Ripollés, "Violinista"

Juan Ripollés' nudity when painting is something that intrigues me. I would like to also experiment the feeling of painting without clothes. 

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ripolles.es, "Juan Ripollés paintin", 2015

PABLO PICASSO

The deconstruction and shape in Picasso’s violins is what I find interesting in Picasso’s work

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Pablo Picasso, "Violin, Glass and Bottle", 1913

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Pablo Picasso, "Violin", 1915

JAVIER'S TATTOOS

Javier has lots of tattoos that I think are are part of his physical identity as he explained to me the meaning of each tattoo. I consider his tattoos wearable art and they represent Javier's desires, dreams, believes and also his fears. Javier's tattoos are:

  • Symbiosis of passions & skin art

The meaning behind of three of Javier's tattoos have affected my work; First, Javier's music note tattoo is located just where a wedding ring would be, as he is married to the music. It is also tattooed in his left hand, the one he uses to give movement to the strings.Music is in Javier's fingers. Second, there are two graphic tattoos with colours that Javier says are inspired by Memphis Milano, so this really made me acknowledge how important is this aesthetic for him. These two last tattoos have also inspired some of my drawings. 

IMG_8932 2.JPGPrimary Research, "Javier's tattoo of musical notation", 2019 

Memphis tattoo 2.jpgPrimary Research, "Javier's tattoo of a chameleon inspired by Memphis Milano", 2019 Memphis tattoo 1.jpgPrimary Research, "Javier's graphic tattoo inspired by Memphis Milano", 2019 

JAVIER'S PINTEREST

Exploring Javier's Pinterest, I feel particularly interested in how he organises the folders: by colour blocking, which tells a lot about how he likes colour. Javier Pinterest has affected my work in the way I have organised colour. 

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Javier's Pinterest, "Folders organised by colour blocking"

Memphis Milano

I am deeply touched by Memphis Milano, as it was a cultural phenomenon in the 80s. There are two facts about Memphis that attract my attention:  first, that the name Memphis comes from a Bob Dylan's Blond on Blond song, which was played in a meeting. Second, that the Memphis group was form by international young designers and architects in Milan. So the group Memphis is:  

  • Symbiosis of architects and designers. 
  • Symbiosis of interior design and colour.

Going throughout Javier's social media, I realised that Javier is really obsessed with Memphis Milano. The following picture of Javier's nail with a Memphis' pattern inspired me to use small black bits with bigger chunks of colour in my patterns.

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 Javier's Instagram, "Javier's nail with a Memphis' pattern"

I love the following picture because it makes visual that surrounding by inspirational and like-minded people can make the most of people's creativity. Even designing under the umbrella of Memphis,  I find interesting that every object designed was under the designer's name. People's own ego might be also the reason why the group only lasted 7 years.

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Memphis Milano, "Memphis Team", 1981 

The geometry and colour of this living room really resonates with my project. 

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Memphis Milano Studio, "Private living room"

Colour underlined with black is what I like about Memphis catalog cover. 

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Memphis Milano, "Catalog's cover",1984

I really enjoy the bright colours when contrasted with black. 

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Memphis Milano

I find interesting the combination of colours blue-yellow, which I have worked out also in my project. 

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Ettore Sottsass for Memphis Studio, "Altair", 1982

 Memphis' bookshelves might be my preferred piece of furniture because of its structure and colour combination.  The right-angled  shapes is something that I want to achieve in my work. 

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 Ettore Sottsass for Memphis Studio, "Carlton", 1983

Colour contrasted with black is what I feel particularly interested in. 

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Peter Shire for Memphis Studio, "Teapot",1982

 The following earrings are inspirational because of the intense colour relationships within a small space. 

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Greg Baron for Memphis Studio, "earrings", 1984

Camille Walala

I've realised I live surrounded by the Memphis Design influence. Close to Old Street Station, I found this eye-catching Camila Walala's  building called "Dream Come True". 

How Camille Walala  structures colour with a graphic aesthetic thanks to colour blocking underlined by black really connects to my work. 

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Camille Walala, "Dream Come True Building",2015

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Camille Walala, "Dream Come True Building",2015

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Camille Walala, "Dream Come True Building",2015

CSM FURNITURE

I find the canteen at Central Saint Matins very 80s in its aesthetic but after my research, I can say that it looks 80s because the 80s were influenced by the Memphis Milano movement. The print of the cushions is in what I am particularly interested. 

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Primary Research, "Sofa and cushions at Central Saint Martins' Canteen"

ARMAN FERNANDEZ

I found colourful violins in The Art of Music book and they really took my attention. These violins are a homage to Yves Klein by Arman. 

Picture1.png Arman, "Homage to Yves Klein", 1993

I find fascinating the idea of play tribute to a friend in a non obvious way instead of using the friend's physical attributes. 

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Arman, "Homage to Yves Klein", 1996

I found really interesting the reasons behind an artist's evolution. Arman started as an abstract painter who moved from using objects for the ink or paint traces they leave to using them as the painting itself. He also become interested in critiquing consumerism by finding intrinsic value in junk and found objects.

This evolution is due to the ideas surrounding the emergence of Pop Art and his friendships; Yves Klein and Arman met In 1947 at the judo club in Nice. They quickly became friends, as they shared a passion for philosophy and spirituality. According to armanstudio.com "French artist Armand Pierre Fernandez was the son of an antiques dealer and amateur cellist, the artist absorbed an intense appreciation for music and the art of collecting". 

Arman's violin in its wooden colour conserved in Plexiglass inspired me to use find objects (cassette tape and vinyls) to preserve them in resin.  

Screen Shot 2019-04-22 at 20.34.52.png Arman, "The Last Violin", 1977 

YVES KLEIN

Yves Klein made the Relief Portrait of Arman in plaster resin covered with a synthetic resin and a blue pigment. The idea of casting a friend is really interesting. 

IMG_1274.JPG Yves Klein, "Arman", 1962

I am particularly interested in Yves Klein's work because his focus on monochrome paintings led him to make ultramarine-blue his identity, as we now call this colour Klein-blue. This monochrome approach also led Klein to experiment with different textures and techniques, an aspect that has strongly affected me to apply different textures to the same colour.

IMG_3047.jpgYvves Klein, "Untitled blue monochrome", 1955

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 Yvves Klein, "Tapisserie bleue", 1957

Going through books about Klein, I became interesting in his work Anthropometries, where human bodies were used as paintbrushes. The music played an important role in the process of Anthropometries, as the art-making process was really theatrical with musicians and audience. According to "The Monotone Symphony was responsible for promoting the aura and the music gave the feeling of endless time and unbounded space". The greatest surprise for me is that this type of work was inspired by Jean Tinguely. As said by Sidra Stich "Klein inspired Tinguely to think about immateriality and an expanded conception of art while Tinguely inspired Klein to explore speed". Klein took the speed approach by focusing on the nude body. Klein's Anthropometries has inspired me to use my own body as a living brush. 

IMG_1269.jpgYves Klein, "Anthropometries", 1960

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Yves Klein,"Untitled anthropometry with female and male bodies", 1960

I find really interesting the use of hands and feet as prints. 

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Yves Klein, "Shirt decorated by Yves Klein with his hands and foot imprints, initials , and punctuation marks", 1948 

THE STRAVINSKY FOUNTAIN

Thinking about colourful public art that tackles music, The Stravinsky Fountain just came to my mind, which represent the works of composer Igor Stravinsky. I was created by Niki de Saint Phalle and Jean Tinguely. The Stravinsky fountain creates:

  • Symbiosis of Artists (Niki de Saint Phalle and Jean Tinguely)
  • Symbiosis of Music and art
  • Symbiosis of Colour & Monochrome (Colourful spot in a monochrome Paris)
  • Symbiosis of sculpture & mechanics

The affectionate mood of picture of Niki de Saint Phalle and Jean Tinguely inspires me because I can see a gesture of love. I have no doubt that they were on-and-off partners in life and art as to share passions is the biggest connection in any type of human relation.  

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-selfselector.co.uk, "Niki de Saint Phalle and  Jean Tinguely"

The Stravinsky Fountain might be my preferred public art work and it inspires me because Tinguely's black mechanical pieces make pop Saint Phalle's bright coloured works.  

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Niki de Saint Phalle and Jean Tinguely, "Stravinsky Fountain ", 1983 

This work enhances the use of musical notation combined with colour.

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Niki de Saint Phalle and Jean Tinguely, "Stravinsky Fountain ", 1983 

I am really attracted by the the poster of the Stravinsky Fountain for the colour combined with black. 

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Niki de Saint Phalle and Jean Tinguely, "Poster of Stravinsky Fountain ", 1983 

After further investigation of collaborations of these two artists, I am particularly drawn to Le Cyclot because it represents a deconstructed face with the use of colour. 

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Jean Tinguely and Niki de Saint Phalle, "Le Cyclop, La Tête" ,1970

NIKI DE SAINT PHALLE

Niki de Saint Phalle's work influence my drawing and painting as I tend to illustrate with bright colours and underline with black marker as I think black highlights the colours. 

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Niki de Saint Phalle, "Black Venus", 1965-66

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Nicki de Saint Phalle, "llustrations for Stravinsky Fountain sculptures",1983

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 Nicki de Saint Phalle, "Les Nanas", 1965

Leaving white spaces when working with bright colours is what really enhances the colour. I think it relaxes the intensity of the colour.   

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 Nicki de Saint Phalle, "Miss Black Power", 1968

The texture and mix of colour in Niki de Saint Phalle's paintings really interested me. 

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Niki de Saint Phalle, "Entre la Ville et la Fleur", 1955

JEAN TINGUELY

I am attracted by Jean Tinguely's use of mix media when drawings and paintings and they inspire me to work quick and in a more "messy way" with black and colour. 

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Jean Tinguely, "Heraklit berm Erfinden des Wackelkontakts", 1989

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Jean Tinguely, "Philosophy", 1990

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Jean Tinguely, "Poster for Tinguely im Kunsthaus Zürich",1982

THE CENTRE POMPIDOU

When wandering around the Stravinsky Fountain, The Centre Pompidou is just next to it. The Pompidou is a collaboration of architects Richard Rogers and Renzo Piano. This building can be a symbiosis of multiple aspects: 

  • Symbiosis of architects (Richard Rogers & Renzo Piano).
  • Symbiosis of architecture & colour blocking
  • Symbiosis of architecture & modern art (The Pompidou Centre is a modern art museum)
  • Symbiosis of modernity & tradition (The Pompidou Centre breaks with the monochrome Paris aesthetics). 

Renzo Piano and Richard rogers also capture colour also in their personal aesthetic, which relates with the colourful aesthetic of my project. 

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 "Renzo Piano and Richard Rogers celebrating 40 years of the Centre Pompidou", 2017

I used to go to the surroundings of the Centre Pompidou when I lived in Paris. I remember sitting around The Stravinsky Fountain and just people watch. First, this is the most multicultural and down to earth spot in Paris as multiracial people hang out and play sports in this area and second, the colour of the Centre and Fountain represents a break in the monochrome and homogeneous Haussmann aesthetic of the city.

The following picture inspires because it makes visual how the colour of the Centre Pompidou pops from the monochrome and homogeneous Haussmann aesthetic of the city. 

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The Centre Pompidou breaking with the monochrome aesthetic of Paris - Richard Rogers, Arquitectura del Futuro. Kenneth Powell-

According to centrepompidou.fr "Four strong colours – blue, red, yellow and green – represent: blue for circulating air (air conditioning), yellow for circulating electricity, green for circulating water and red for circulating people (escalators and lifts)". The colour-coding of the Centre Pompidou inspired me to use colours as a statement as I also gave meaning to every single colour I chose. 

The façade of the Centre Pompidou facing the street Renard is the one I prefer. The structure and colours of the pipes from the building have inspire me textile samples because I understood the beauty of contrasting bold colours when colours are structured. 

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 The Centre Pompidou - Richard Rogers, Arquitectura del Futuro. Kenneth Powell-

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The Centre Pompidou - Richard Rogers, Arquitectura del Futuro. Kenneth Powell- 

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The Centre Pompidou - Richard Rogers, Arquitectura del Futuro. Kenneth Powell-  

The see-through lift inspires the use plastic tube.

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The Centre Pompidou - Richard Rogers, Arquitectura del Futuro. Kenneth Powell-

RICHARD ROGERS

I would define Richard Rogers as an "industrial colourist". It is interesting how Richard Rogers subtly colours cities by adding a twist of colour in the buildings, keeping always an industrial aesthetic. Richard Roger's buildings are social responsible, taking in consideration not only the climate change but also the inequality in society. The Centre Pompidou building made people think beyond functionality, it was designed to be a place for people of all ages, all creeds, the poor and the rich. Richard Rogers represents:

  • Symbiosis of architecture & sustainability
  • Symbiosis of architecture & colour twist 

Roger's Terminal 4 Barajas Airport in Madrid uses colours as a form of identification and to create both joy and orientation for users. For me, this has a strong connection to the meaningful colours in my project.  

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Richard Rogers, "Terminal 4 Barajas in Madrid, Spain",2005

How red-blue are combined is what seduce my eyes. 

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Richard Rogers, "European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg, Germany", 1995

The combination of primary colours, where blue-red dominate over a twist of yellow.

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Richard Rogers, "Pumphouse", 1988

THE CENTRE POMPIDOU MALAGA

The Pompidou in Malaga was created (as I was expecting) by collaborative work within architects Javier Pérez De La Fuente and Juan Antonio Marin Malavé. The most interesting part of The Pompidou Malaga is how it takes the bold colours from the original Pompidou and also the idea of innovation (as it is made out of translucent concrete developed by Italcementi i.lab) but in a different aesthetic. The inspirational aspect is present in this building, but not as a copy. It also innovates with functionality as the previous galleries were lacking in light and this problem was solved by the cube with translucent windows. So this is:

  • Symbiosis of the original building & its subsidiary.

The shape of the building and colours of the windows inspired prints, which I used for the socks' development. Across the subsidiary nature of the building with a strong reference to its "mother building"  I have learnt one of the most important lessons regarding references:  use research as  inspiration and not as a completely copy.

Centre Pompidou Malaga.png.1Javier Pérez De La Fuente and Juan Antonio Marin Malavé, "The Centre Pompidou Malaga",2018

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Javier Pérez De La Fuente and Juan Antonio Marin Malavé, "The Centre Pompidou Malaga",2018

 

PRODUCT DESIGN

For me, The Pompidou Centre in Malaga looks like a Rubik's cube. The Rubik's cube was invented in the 80s, which makes sense within the colour scheme of the decade.  This three-dimensional puzzle is not just for entertainment, the Rubik’s cube improves one’s hand, eye coordination and also improves abilities to focus and concentration. A Rubik's cube is:

  • Symbiosis of play & mind development. 
  • Symbiosis of colours

The Rubik's cube connects to my project because the Suzuki Method that Javier uses to teach violin is also learn while playing. I can summarise this project as a Rubik's cube; the project has solid colours with lots of references, which might made it complicated to understand, but it gets simple when understanding its dynamic.

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Ernö Rubik, "Rubik's cube",1974

As the previous object, Lego is incredible inspirational because is designed to design. The construction toy system also helps to develop creativity and spacial understanding. I like the colour and shape of the blocks.

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Kjetil Fallan, "Lego", 1958

How colour is structured in the following objects has influenced my work. 

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Giorgio Gregori, "scultura", 1986

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Paola Navone, Daniela Puppa, Franco Raggi, "L'Oggetto Banale",1994

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Alioth, Agena, Antares Aldebaran, Acehernar, Arkab, "lampare", 1993

TOM WESSELMANN

The structure of colour and three-dimensional work of Tom Wesselman really connects to my project.  

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Tom Wesselmann "Three Step I"

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Tom Wesselmann "Three Step II"

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Tom Wesselmann, "Maquettes"

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Tom Wesselmann, "Cross Motion II", 2000-2002

YVES KLEIN & JEAN TINGUELY

Yves Klein and Jean Tinguely collaboration inspires me in the way that small alterations in the same art work are a way of exploration.

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yvesklein.com"Portrait of Jean Tinguely and Yves Klein", 1958 

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Yves Klein and Jean Tinguely, "Space Excavato",1958

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Yves Klein and Jean Tinguely "Vitesse notate (Bleu affolé)",1958

Javier Albort's Facebook, "Javier Conducting a "Suzuki concert", 2018

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Javier AlbOrt's Instagram, "Suzuki Christmas Concert" conducted by Javier",2018

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COLOURSTRINGS

ColourStrings is the approach of The Suzuki Method through which Javier teaches. ColourStrings uses 4 meaningful colours: yellow represents the Sun, red is for the rooftop, green is for the meadow and blue is for the sea. The colours go from the highest yellow Sun, to the flat blue sea. The colours are a code for children to remember the different positions of the bow when playing violin. ColourStrings represent:

  • Symbiosis of learn & play
  • Symbiosis of colour & coding

These four colours placed in Javier's colourful device in the bow has inspire the colour palette. 

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Primary research, "Javier with the colourful device for the bow" ,2019

Not everyone can be a Suzuki teacher. Javier has a charm to teach across creativity and how he motivates and encourages his students is incredible. The Suzuki method is in fact a philosophy as Dr. Suzuki didn't write anything about it. This allows each teacher to apply his own creativity and interpretation, which makes the method even better. 

Every of the following pictures have helped me to understand how is the Suzuki Method, the importance of the colours as colour-coding for children and how this method allows Javier to be creative in his way of teaching. 

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Javier AlbOrt's Instagram, "Javier Colour strings",2018

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Javier' AlbOrt's Instagram, "Javier Colour strings",2019

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Javier AlbOrt's Instagram, "Javier's teaching iPad",2018

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  Javier AlbOrt's Instagram, "Javier teaching across fun",2018

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  Javier AlbOrt's Instagram, "Javier's pupil with Javier's inventions",2018

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  Javier AlbOrt's Facebook "Linking Halloween to the violin",2018

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 Javier AlbOrt's Facebook,"Javier's pupils at Cedes School",2018

SYMBIOSIS OF BODY BALANCE & FEET

Violin is learnt standing up because is when the centre of gravity is perfect, as the back is straight, allowing a full control of the body with a proper movement of arms. So, the body balance makes a difference in the sound of the instrument. When quarters perform, the violinist stand except the cellist.  Even professional orchestra's violinists would stand but they play sitting down because they have to as audience have to see them in line to the other players. As professional violinists they can prove that they can play just as well sitting down as standing.

The Suzuki Method pay attention to the feet and children learn the position of feet by playing on mats which have fingerprints with the different positions. Javier says he always plays barefoot, event at concerts because shoes have shape that don't allow him to properly sit his body. 

The mats with the positions of feet used to teach violin across Suzuki have inspired the primary colour combination and the foot shape in Lino printing 

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Javier AlbOrt's Facebook, "Violinist's mat at Cedes School",2019

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Javier AlbOrt's Facebook, "Violinist's mat at Cedes School",2019

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Javier AlbOrt's Facebook, "Violinist's mat at Cedes School" ,2019

Javier's feet doing the different violinist's positions have inspired different drawings and the development of textile for the feet. 

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Primary Research, "Javier's feet in rest position",2019

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Primary Research, "Javier's feet in zip position",2019

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Primary Research, "Javier's feet in step position",2019

Javier AlbOrt's Instagram "Javier's inventions",2018

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THE SUZUKI METHOD

Japanese Dr. Shinichi Suzuki wasn't only the founder of the Suzuki Method, but also a Violinist, educator, philosopher and humanitarian. He represents the connection of Japan and the Western culture; Suzuki grew up working in his father's violin factory and touch himself how to play violin. At the age of 26, he moved to Germany to properly learn violin. Because he was learning violin as an adult at the same time that learning German language, he spent his life proving that ability is not inborn and that talent can be created, any child who is properly trained can develop musical ability, just as all children develop the ability to speak their mother tongue. The ideas of parent responsibility, loving encouragement, constant repetition, etc., are some of the special features of the Suzuki approach. 

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- www.spectator.co.uk, "Shinichi Suzuki with young violinists",1980

JAPANESE FASHION

I am obsessed with the Japanese fashion aesthetic and my friend Javier is a successful violin teacher thanks to the Japanese Suzuki Method. Our passions are connected somehow across Japan. 

The painted appliqué and mixed media in the following Kimono has something that I'd like to transfer to my garment, as well as hands as print

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Dina Knapp "See It Like a Native", 1982

Sophie Milenovich says in Kimonos book that "The costume of the perfect Japanese woman would not be completed without tabi, zori, and geta. Tabi are canvas socks with space between the toes that make it possible to wear Japanesse thonged sandals, known as zori or geta according to the shape and material of their soles. Sori have full soles and can be made of vinyl or plaited straw. Geta are made of wood, are ofter higher, and  can be worn without stockings in the summer".Traditional Japanesse footwear captured my attention in the development of socks. 

IMG_2292.jpgKimonos by Sophie Mimlenovich, "Tabi, Aori and Geta"

IMG_2297.jpg Kimonos by Sophie Mimlenovich, "Tabi, Aori and Geta" 

IMG_2299.jpgKimonos by Sophie Mimlenovich, "Tabi, Aori and Geta" 

According to New Fashion Japan "The unusual oversized shapes and spaces created between the body and the clothes material represent one strong direction in contemporary Japanese fashion". The oversized shape that reminds the traditional kimono is the base of my final outcome. 

IMG_2257.jpgNew Fashion Japan by Leonard Koren, "Actor Kichiemon Nakamura wearing a raincoat"

 

I like how Yamamoto questions the idea of an acceptable code of masculine dress. 

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Yohji Yamamoto, SS 2004

 

UPCYCLING

The recycling spot I found in my village in Spain made think about primary colours as a way of recycling-coding.

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 Primary Research, "Recycling spot of my village in Spain", 2019

After further research and knowing the differences within recycling and upcycling, as said on Up-Cycle!'s book "as opposed to recycling or down cycling, upcycling involves converting an object into something of greater value without degrading the material with which it is made. This alternative approach to the reuse of waste materials and and disused objects requires a much smaller input of energy for the processing of the material, and leaves open the possibility of using the material again in the future. 

According to Susan Brown "The oversized and heavily padded kimono called donna was used by farmers and artisans in the colder areas of Japan. The kimono was large enough to fit a small family, and parents and children would sleep naked together inside of it"Layers of worn and recycled textiles (boro) carefully stitched together, with is what I have done with the Levis in my garment. 

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Scraps, Fasion, Textile and Creative Reuse (page 23),"Boro Kimono, Japan", late 19th-early 20th century

 

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The Amuse Museum-"Boro mending"

PLAYGROUND

Javier explains to children the position of the hand when playing violin by a simile to the slides. I found a playground with slides in the village where Javier and I grew up and I found interesting that it is located next to my secondary school.Playgrounds not only keep children entertained but also help to develop their mobility abilities such as learning to swing, balance and climb.  The primary colours of the playground have inspired me to develop textile samples. A playground means:

  • Symbiosis of play & physical development across colour

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A Playground of the village where Javier and I were born -Primary Research-

The shape of the yellow ladder also influence some of my textile samples. 

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Primary Research, "A Playground of the village where Javier and I were born"

The picture of little Javier in a playground downwards inspired me to position hair in the garment. The violin is an anti-nature instrument as its played upwards and he also goes against gravity in this picture. 480173_3433809411398_865395188_n.jpg

Javier's Facebook, "Javier as a child in a playground",1998